The vineyards of Provence stretches from south of Avignon to Nice, on the majority of Provence. This region has been a wine producer for at least 2,600 years. Throughout the history of Provence, viticulture and winemaking have been influenced by all the different cultures that have been present in Provence, such as the Ancient Greeks, Romans, Gauls, Catalans and Savoyards. These diverse cultures introduced a wide variety of grapes to the region, including grape varieties of Greek and Roman origin as well as Spanish, Italian and traditional French wine grapes.
Today, the region of Provence is mostly known for its rosé wine. Rosé wine currently represents more than half of the wine production of in the Provençal region, with red wine accounting for about a third of the region’s production. White wine is also produced in small quantities throughout the region with the Appellation d’origine contrôlée (AOC) region of Cassis specializing in white wine production. The Côtes de Provence is the largest AOC followed by the Coteaux d’Aix-en-Provence.