Champagne, also called Vin de Champagne, is a French sparkling wine protected by an Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée whose regulations required several centuries of management. Its name comes from the Champagne region of northeastern France. The geographical location, the grape varieties and the overall production process of champagne are the main characteristics of the appellation.
Champagne is produced mainly from three grape varieties: Pinot N, Pinot Meunier N and Chardonnay B. The Champagne vineyards produces mainly white sparkling wine.