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The vineyards of Bordeaux were first planted in Roman times and expanded during the Middle Ages. In the middle of the 12th Century, the Bordeaux vineyards were reduced to a few rows of vines, almost cottage gardens around abbeys in Bordeaux, Saint Emilion, and scattered across the countryside.

A golden age in the 19th century after the turmoil of the French Revolution and the First French Empire. Two events opened up new possibilities for Bordeaux: A free trade agreement with England and the arrival of the railway. The 1855 classification crowned this new golden era, coinciding with the building of hundreds of “wine châteaux” in a host of different styles. The Gironde department became an open-air museum full of architectural marvels.

The vineyards of Bordeaux extend over 120,000 hectares in the department of Gironde. The wine production in Bordeaux is varied. 80% of the wines produces are red wines and 20% are dry or sweet white wines including rosé and sparkling wines. The existence of 54 different appellations in the vineyard is due to the diversity of soils as well as to the cultural and winemaking practices.

With 120,00 hectares cultivated and the production of close to six million hectoliters of wine each year, the department of Gironde is the third French wine department in terms of overall production.

Producers from Bordeaux