“Grand Cru Classé”
The 262 hectare estate of Chateau Margaux has a total of 80 hectares under vine for the red wine. 11 hectares are used to produce the white wine. The Bordeaux wine vineyard is planted to 75% Cabernet Sauvignon, 20% Merlot and portions of 3%Petit Verdot and 2% Cabernet Franc for the red wine. On average, the vines are 35 years of age. However, there are parcels with very old vines, some of which are close to 80 years of age. The complex terroir of Chateau Margaux is mostly gravel with some and, clay and even limestone in the soil. 11 hectares of vines, which are located west of the famous chateau are devoted to the production of the white wine of Chateau Margaux, “Pavillon Blanc du Chateau Margaux,” which is produced from close to 100% Sauvignon Blanc.
The red wines of Chateau Margaux are vinified in 50 vats that are a combination wood and stainless steel. The stainless steel vats range in size from as much as 180 hectoliter wood vats down to 25 hectoliters. Chateau Margaux is aged in 100% new oak for 18-24 months, depending on the quality and character of the Bordeaux vintage. The white wines of Chateau Margaux are fermented in oak and aged for between 6-8 months. The oak barrels are produced at Chateau Margaux.